Oral and dental hygiene refers to the practice of keeping your mouth healthy and clean by following regular and brushing and flossing routines. This helps to prevent the formation of plaque, which is the sticky film of bacteria that forms on the hard surfaces of the teeth, leading to dental decay and gum disease.
Consequences of bad oral hygiene:-
Bleeding or painful gums
Persistent bad breath.
Yellow or brown deposits on teeth.
Loose teeth and widening gaps between teeth.
These initial consequences can progress in further more destructive changes in tooth and surrounding structures such as dental decay leading to abscess,bleeding gums,calculus formation and bone loss leaving tooth mobile.
As we see our daily diet pattern which has change drastically with time is not a very healthy diet pattern. Fibrous content of our diet is reducing,more sticky and unhealthy foods are getting more popularity these days.
These type of food has greater tendency to stick and are very difficult to clear them,this is the beginning to the process of dental decay.
Tooth itself has many irregularities in their structure and sticky particles lodge there very easily.These decaying process leads to formation of cavities and the cavity goes deeper and deeper as food continuously keeps on lodging there.
PRECAUTIONS (ALWAYS BETTER THAN CURE)
Brushing must be done thoroughly but not too vigorously as rough movements can irritate or damage sensitive oral tissues.
Sore or bleeding gums experienced in the initial few days after flossing is normal. However, any bleeding, sore or abnormal condition that prolongs beyond one week should be reported to the dentist.
Regular visits to the dentist –at least every 6 months to monitor dental and oral health Regular professional dental cleaning – fluoride treatments, sealant application, and scaling that helps to scrape off the hardened plaque, called tartar.
Diagnostic services –
go for X-ray imaging and oral cancer screening
Treatment services –
Fillings, crowns, and bridges to restore and retain teeth
Healthy eating for healthy teeth Eating a balanced diet plays an important role in dental health. A balanced diet would include all the main food groups – fruits and vegetables, milk products, meat, fish etc.
Foods that causes tooth decay:
Foods with high concentration of sugar – cakes, ice cream, honey etc Acidic drinks with a low pH value – can damage the tooth enamel Sticky foods – these do not get washed away from the tooth surface easily by the saliva, hence increase the exposure of teeth to sugar and acids, and consequent tooth decay.
Foods that are good for oral health:
Foods high in fibre, such as fresh fruits and vegetables – they increase the saliva flow that neutralizes acids, helping to clean the teeth of food particles and sugars during chewing Rich foods without sugar – milk, yogurt, rice, meat, fish, fruits etc Fruits and vegetables that contain a high volume of water – pears, melons, celery, and cucumbers
Good eating habits Consume sweets only at the main meals and not between meals – as saliva production is increased neutralizing most of the acids during mealtime lessening the hazard Avoid sugary or acidic drinks between meals and drink milk or water instead Finish your meal with yellow cheese – helps neutralizing the acids in the mouth, especially after the consumption of sweet foods .